Field Maple (Acer campestre)
The UK’s only native maple. A wildlife friendly hedging plant. This is a highly versatile and underrated tree that can be grown and trained into different shapes that can add structural detail to any space.
Northern Maidenhair Fern; Five-fingered Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum ‘Imbricatum’)
A delicate but strong deciduous fern with delicate, finger-like fronds from thin black stems.
Bugle, Blue Bugle (Ajuga reptans)
Provides useful groundcover in gardens and then in spring has pretty blue spikes of flowers.
Lady’s Mantle (Alchemilla mollis)
Alchemilla mollis takes its name from the Arabic, meaning little magical one, as in the middle ages the water collected from its leaves after the morning dew was said to have healing properties. The water looks like quicksilver against the dark green leaves and in summer it produces small yellow flowers.
Garden Angelica, Wild Celery (Angelica archangelica)
A plant with large flowerheads and delicate fresh green seedpods. All parts of the aromatic plant have culinary or medicinal uses. The flowers are attractive to pollinators and birds eat the seeds.
Columbine, Granny’s Bonnet (Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Green Apples’)
Named for both its leaf colour when the leaves first erupt in spring & more especially its flowers.
Southernwood, Boy’s Love (Artemisia Arbrotanum)
Highly valued in the middle ages, it is rarely used as a medicinal herb today. Strongly aromatic it releases a citrus/camphor fragrance when brushed or touched.
Aster ‘Lady in Black’
Masses of pink centred, white daisies produced from midsummer through to mid-autumn above deep purple foliage. The flowers are also highly attractive to butterflies too.
Astrantia ‘Star of Fire’
'Star of Fire' is an upright, clump forming perennial with mid-green, toothed leaves. In the Summer, tall erect dark stems bearing dark purple-red flowers appear, surrounded by dark purple bracts.
Lady Fern (Athyrium ‘Dre’s Dagger’)
The lady fern is one of the prettiest of the ferns, with delicate, lacy, fresh-green ladder-like foliage. It looks its best in late spring and early summer when the foliage is still young. This form has narrow pointed fronds with a forked tip, the frilly leaflets intricately criss-crossed and facing backwards like herring bones.
Purple Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii ‘Atropurpurea’)
Purple Japanese Barberry makes colourful garden hedging. It produces soft oval foliage that is a rich, dark purple. In the spring and summer yellow flowers are borne which are then closely followed by deep orange, glossy berries. As the season progresses these orange berries turn scarlet red and are a welcome treat for wildlife.
Dwarf Birch (Betula nana ‘Glengarry’)
A lovely plant ideal for rock gardens. It grows up to 1–1.2 m high. The bark is non-peeling and a shiny red-copper colour whilst the leaves are rounded, 6–20 mm diameter, with a bluntly toothed edge.
Betula pendula (Silver Birch)
Silver birch can be used to improve soil quality for other plants to grow. Its deep roots bring otherwise inaccessible nutrients into the tree, which are recycled on to the soil surface when the tree sheds its leaves. In early Celtic mythology, the birch symbolised renewal and purification.
Hard Fern, Deer Fern (Blechum spicant)
A distinctive and elegant evergreen fern with good neat clumps of comb-like fronds. Called the hard fern because, unlike most ferns that have soft delicate foliage, this one has tough leathery leaves. The evergreen glossy older leaves form a loose rosette around the more upright central leaves.
Common Box (Buxus sempervires)
Common box is a vigorous, evergreen, bushy, upright shrub or small tree. It has small, rounded to oblong, glossy dark green leaves. Its dense habit makes it ideal for hedging or screening and it can be closely clipped into different shapes.
Feather Reed Grass (Calamagrostis ‘Karl Foerster’)
An ornamental grass that’s sways gently in the breeze
Peach-leaved Bellflower, Fairy Bellflower (Campanula persifolia)
Loose spires of outward-facing, cup or bell shaped, lilac-blue flowers appear in early and mid-summer. A good pollinator for bees.
Leatherleaf Sedge (Carex buchananii)
An unusual evergreen grass with fine-textured, coppery-brown foliage. It has a unique and beautiful colouring and forms a dense mound of foliage. Silvery-white flower spikes which bow to the ground under the weight of the seed heads are produced between July and September.
Baltic Parsley (Cenolophium denudatum)
An upright herbaceous perennial which produces flattened sprays of tiny greeny-white flowers on long stems above mid green fern-like leaves from mid-summer through to autumn. The flowers are very attractive to bees and butterflies.
Cornflower 'Cara Mia' (Centaurea 'Cara Mia')
A very pretty Cornflower with rich pink flower heads instead of the more familiar blue that are a favourite with bumblebees.
North America Wild Oats, Northern Sea Oats (Chasmanthium latifolum)
A loosely tufted, clump-forming grass with lance-shaped, arching mid-green foliage that turns yellow in winter. Summer brings highly decorative oat-like panicles of flat, green flowerheads that shimmer and rustle in the wind, aging to bronze by late summer.
Chicory, Blue Sailors (Cichorium intybus)
Chicory is thought to have been cultivated as a food plant since about 300 BC. Now commonly grown for use in salads, use of the root as a beverage became important alongside other coffee substitutes in the late eighteenth century.
Cirsium ‘Pink Blush’
Bees and butterflies adore this cultivated thistle. With striking fluffy thistle blooms, unusual with a pale pink appearance throughout summer on tall stems above low growing rosettes of spiky-looking foliage. A relaxed, airy habit makes this cirsium a perfect plant for anyone looking to add a modern twist to their classic cottage garden.
Common Hazel (Corylus avellana)
Hazel wood can be twisted or knotted, and as such it historically had many uses. These included thatching spars, net stakes, water divining sticks, hurdles and furniture. Hazel was also valued for its nuts, or 'cobs'. Today, hazel coppice has become an important management strategy in the conservation of woodland habitats for wildlife.
Purple-leaved Filbert (Corylus maxima 'Purpurea')
Corylus maxima 'Purpurea' is a lovely shrub with heart shaped foliage that is rich chocolaty purple in spring and summer fading slightly to a dark green / purple in late summer.
Wild Carrot, Queen Anne’s Lace (Daucus carrota)
Native to temperate regions of Europe and southwest Asia.
White Flowered Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea ‘Albiflora’)
The pure unadulterated white form of this English woodlander. Grown as a single colour in a perennial bed they are outstanding for their simplicity alone. Pure white foxgloves are a supremely elegant plant and an excellent way of giving height and texture. They lighten up those shaded corners, giving a sense of depth and interest to an otherwise dark area.
Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum)
A native UK plant and an excellent source of summer nectar and pollen for insects and autumn seeds for birds.
Japanese Shield Fern (Dryopteris erythrosora)
This striking deciduous fern has triangular-shaped fronds, which are coppery-red when young and slowly mature to dark green.
Alpine Wood Fern (Dryopteris wallichana)
A tough, hardy fern that is native to the Himalayas. In spring, the wood fern produces bright green, shuttlecock-like fronds on upright, hairy stems, up to 90cm high. Less fine in appearance than many other ferns, it nonetheless makes a dramatic statement in a woodland garden or under deciduous trees.
Red Barrenwort, Bishops Hat (Epimedium x rubrum)
Heart shaped young leaves are bronze-tinted when they first appear, and turn reddish-brown as the seasons progress. In late spring, tiny crimson and yellow flowers appear on tall, thin stems, brightening up any shady area of your garden.
Mexican Fleabane, Latin American Fleabane (Erigeron karvinskianus)
A two-toned daisy like flower, this plant is native to Mexico, but has established itself in many Mediterranean areas and dry gardens in Britain. It looks lovely creeping down the sides of stone or brick steps or tucked in wall crevices, where it both seeds itself and spreads slowly.
Storksbill (Erodium variabile x ‘Album’)
A pretty plant with little white flowers, veined pink from late spring right through 'til autumn on very neat mounds of grey-green foliage.
Boneset ‘Chocolate’, White Snakeroot (Eupatorium ‘Chocolate’)
This outstanding plant has dark bronzy-brown leaves in spring and summer, gradually turning green when the autumn display of fuzzy white flower clusters begins. Attractive to butterflies.
Intense Blue (Festuca Glauca)
Providing the best steely blue foliage of all the shorter grasses.
Bronze Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare ‘Purpureum’)
A more ornamental plant to the sweet fennel that produces bulbs for cooking.
Wild Strawberry (Fragaria vesca)
A native wild flower, found in woods and grassland, especially on chalky ground. In appearance, with its little white flowers and small red fruit, it is just like a garden Strawberry in miniature. The fruits are edible and flavoursome.
Cranesbill (Geranium ‘Kashmir White’)
Delicate, white, saucer-shaped flowers with pale lilac veins appear in late summer among very finely cut mid-green leaves. A hardy geranium that will spread to form large drifts that will help to smother weeds. Low maintenance and long flowering.
The last Geranium to flower. Lovely open, dark violet flowers are borne above velvety dark green leaves. The best geranium for autumn colour as the leaves turn bright red in September.
Hosta ‘Diana Remembered’
Diana Remembered' Hosta is named after the late Diana Princess of Wales. These medium sized hostas have attractive blue-green leaves with slightly streaked creamy white margins. Extremely fragrant white flowers mid summer.
Plantain Lily (Hosta ‘Frances Williams’)
Thick, distinctively puckered, grey-green leaves suffused with a darker metallic colour, with wide, irregular green-yellow margins. Grey-white flowers on long stalks from early summer.
Plantain Lily (Hosta ‘Patriot’)
Puckered, olive-green leaves with irregular, white margins and spikes of funnel-shaped, lavender-blue flowers in July and August. This vigorous, variegated hosta is perfect for illuminating shady areas of the garden.
Plantain Lily (Hosta ‘Pauls Glory’)
Great for green & gold foliage
Giant Blue Hosta (Hosta sieboldiana elegans)
'Elegans' is a large hosta with deep, smoky blue, slightly frosted heart-shaped foliage. Deep veins give the leaves a corrugated look. White flowers bloom in early spring.
Plantain Lily (Hosta ‘Sum and Substance’)
This Hosta produces large, heart shaped yellow foliage up to 50cm (20") long. The enormous leaves become gently puckered with age creating a lightly ribbed texture. Throughout July and August it bears tall stems of bell shaped, pale lilac flowers.
This midsized selection has pointy blue-green leaves with a streaky creamy-gold edging. Lavender flowers appear in August.
Hydrangea ‘Sikes Dwarf’ (Hydrangea quercifolia)
Sikes Dwarf’ is smaller version of the oak-leaved hydrangea that has a compact form and a rounded shape. This hydrangea offers something to the garden all year through flowers, foliage and its bark.
Common Holly (Ilex aquifolium)
One of Britain's few native evergreen trees and commonly associated with Christmas, it has distinctive leaves and bright red berries which provide year round interest.
Macedonian Scabious ‘Melton Pastels’ (Knautia macedonica)
Favoured for its magnificent pincushion flowers in soft shades of rose, crimson and pink, held on slim, delicate stems. It makes a great addition to wildlife areas where its nectar rich blooms will attract pollinating insects.
Lovage (Levisticum officinalis)
An aromatic herb, Lovage has a celery-like odour and a carrot-like root structure. Most parts of the herb can be used - the leaves have an excellent, warm flavour like a cross between celery and anise, and are delicious with most savoury dishes. The stems can be harvested while still young to be used for flavouring primarily in confections. The Lovage stems can be cut in the spring, blanched and eaten as a vegetable. Even the seeds can be harvested and used when ground, as a substitute for salt. In bloom, Lovage also attracts many beneficial pollinators to your garden with its fragrant blooms.
Scotch Lovage (Ligusticum scoticum)
An edible plant with a flavour resembling parsley or celery. In summer, stems turn dark purple or red-flushed and carry umbels of tiny, white, sometimes pale pink flowers followed by golden seed heads. Another great plant to attract bees and butterflies into the garden.
Broad-leaved Statice, Sea Lavender (Limonium platyphyllum)
This plant forms a neat rosette of large, attractive oval leaves almost flat on the ground, and these often turn bronze-red in the sun. In mid-summer, wiry stems support frothy masses of tiny pale pink or lavender flowers.
Big Blue Lilyturf (Liriope muscari)
Dark green, blade-like leaves provide year-round interest and in autumn vibrant, long-lasting wands of deep violet flowers rise above the foliage.
Hairy Wood Rush (Luzula pilosa)
A tufted, grass-like perennial herb of woods and other moist but well-drained shaded places, often on roadside-banks and in hedgerows. Plants usually occur in leaf-litter or moss-dominated sites, and competition is rarely tolerated. In upland areas, more exposed sites such as quarries, pastures and rough ground are occupied.
White-flowered Rose Campion (Lychnis coronaria ‘Alba’)
The unusual albino form of the traditional cottage garden plants which has massed heads of pure white flowers on grey stems above clumps of grey woolly hairy leaves.
Ragged Robin (Lychnis flos - cuculi)
Feature in wildflower meadows, damp pastures and woodlands. Bumblebees, butterflies and Honey Bees all enjoy the nectar it produces.
Common Myrtle (Myrtus communis)
An aromatic evergreen shrub with pointed, glossy leaves. Its sweet-scented flowers, white with a hint of pink, have very long stamens which create a fluffy appearance. These are followed by small purple-black berries.
Catmint ‘Six Hill’s Giant’ (Nepeta)
Catmints add a soft, gentle touch to gardens. This variety has grey-green foliage, which is covered all summer in masses of short spikes of lavender-like flowers, which attract lots of bees. The foliage is very aromatic and, when crushed or bruised, releases a strong lemony scent.
Tupelo, Black Gum Tree (Nyssa sylvatica)
An ornamental tree with oval shaped foliage that changes from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. It is of particular environmental value for as well as producing black-blue ovoid fruit about 10mm long with thin oily, bitter/sour tasting flesh being very popular with small birds it’s flowers which are produced in greenish-white clusters at the top of a long stalk, produce nectar which attracts bees and other insects.
Oregano, Wild Marjoram (Origanum Vulgaris; Origanum Vulgare)
A common herb native to the Mediterranean, Europe and south and central Asia. Used for culinary and medicinal purposes. An excellent pollinator.
White Lace Flower (Orlaya grandiflora)
An extremely beautiful and very rarely seen cottage garden treasure. Massed heads of large, ivory white, doily-like flowers carry larger 'petals' around the perimeter, over sprays of fine, parsley-like foliage.
This 'Switch Grass' forms a tall, narrow mound of sage-green leaves, which bear small green flowers in late Summer. This remains attractive in the garden even throughout the winter.
Penstemon digitalis ‘Husker’s Red’
Pink-tinted white, bell-shaped flowers are produced along tall spires from early to late summer. The young foliage adds a splash of colour too as it emerges maroon-red then fades to green.
Ninebark ‘Lady in Red’ (Physocarpus opulifolius)
Lady in Red is a deciduous shrub with fresh red foliage toning to a brown- bronze as the season progresses. It bears clusters of pink flowers in summer.
Japanese Tassel (Lace) Fern (Polystichum polyblepharum)
This elegant evergreen fern has gently arching dark green, shiny feather-like leaves. Before they unfurl the new leaves are covered with golden hairs, giving them a tassel-like appearance. This clump-forming fern is easy to grow and forms a distinctive shuttlecock shape.
Self Heal (Prunella vulgaris)
Used as a medicinal herb for centuries as a treatment for everything from minor ailments to internal bleeding, hence the common ‘self heal’ name.
English Oak (Quercus robur)
One of the most common trees in the UK. Every oak tree is a reserve in its own right - 350 different species of insects can be supported and huge numbers of creatures seek food and shelter in crevices of the bark, in the canopy of fresh leaves, hollow trunks of old trees, leaf litter and branches of dead wood and rotting wood on the forest floor.
Dogwood, Cornelian Cherry (Cornus Mas)
A deciduous shrub with oval leaves turning purple in autumn; small clusters of tiny, bright yellow flowers open in late winter, to be followed by glossy red, cherry-like fruits.
Purple Willow (Salix purpurea)
The purple willow is an attractive, fast-growing native deciduous shrub with a spreading, bushy habit. Its arching stems are a pronounced reddish purple, giving it year-round interest. The slender leaves are glossy green, with a blue-ish underside.
Rosemary Leaf Willow, Hoary Willow (Salix rosmarinifolia)
A lovely big shrub with silvery grey foliage in spring and lush green leaves in summer that then turns gold in the autumn. After the leaves have fallen, the rusty coloured stems are on view in winter.
Clary (Salvia turkestanica)
Large attractive rosettes of blue green foliage develop a branching flower head to 6ft tall in the second year. The flowers are lavender with a white lip but the real stars of the show are the large showy white & pink bracts. Clary has been long cultivated both for ornament and flavour, having been used as a substitute for hops and to flavour wine.
Bog Sage (Salvia uliginosa)
This fragrant sage's common and scientific names don't communicate its beauty. Lovely sky-blue blooms, with white beelines on the upper and lower lips, top the many slender, graceful stems from summer to autumn.
Great Burnet ‘Arnhem’ (Sanguisorba officinalis ‘Arnhem’)
A tall, lanky perennial with a loose head of compact deep blood red cone shaped flowers.
Holy Flax (Santolina rosmarinifolia)
A dense, compact evergreen shrub with narrow, aromatic green leaves and tight yellow composite flowerheads carried on slender stalks above the foliage, in summer.
Cotton Lavender (Santolina virens ‘Primrose Gem’)
A small evergreen shrub that has ferny, needle-like foliage which is a bright green and very aromatic. As summer approaches, small, pale-yellow button flowers appear on tall stems above the foliage.
Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)
Commonly found in hedgerows, it can support many insects and its dense foliage is a great nesting haven for birds.
Sedum will attract butterflies to the garden in their droves. Sedum 'Matrona' forms a clump of foliage, with a unique bronze tinge, contrasting beautifully with its pink autumn blooms.
A joy from the minute it emerges, the rounded mound of purplish leaves look wonderful from April until the flowers open and cover the rounded clump.
White Prairie Mallow (Sidalcea candida)
Rosettes of shiny mallow like foliage produce upright stiff branched stems with different 'finger like' foliage in early summer. Along each branch appear many bowl shaped five petalled pink flowers, with frayed edges.
Silene robotii ‘Rolly’s Favourite’
Rich pink, star-shaped blooms with a white centre rise above mounds of dark green foliage. Very floriferous, will bloom all summer if deadheaded.
Yew (Taxus baccata)
The classic hedge of the UK
Teucrium hircanicum ‘Purple Tails’
Bushy, clump-forming perennial with soft, sage-green, hairy leaves and dense spikes of dark lilac flowers from July – September. Loved by bees.
Yellow Meadow Rue (Thalictrum ‘Glauca’)
Meadow-rue has beautiful, lacy blue-green foliage with cloud-like sprays of lemon-yellow flowers.
One of the tallest meadow-rue selections, forming a narrow and upright mound of lacy blue-green foliage. In midsummer the purplish stems hold loose and elegant sprays of soft lavender flowers that fade to grey/white.
Lemon Thyme (Thymus x citriodorus)
With a milder flavour than common thyme, its bright green leaves are broader in shape than the common variety and often have a white margin. The Greeks first named thyme, from a word meaning 'to fumigate'.
Native to Europe and Britain, Valeriana officinalis is a hardy perennial that produces heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers which bloom in the summer months. Valerian was used as a perfume in the sixteenth century.
Alpine Violet (Viola labradorica)
The dark purple-green foliage of Labrador Violet serves as a perfect foil for the bright lavender blooms that cover the plant in late spring and summer.
Cranesbill (Geranium ‘Dusky Crug’)
Lovely clumps of deep brown foliage studded with largish pale pink flowers with deeper veins in summer into autumn.
Cranesbill (Geranium ‘Macrorrhizum’ Spessart)
Geraniums flower for months to provide a long season of pollen and nectar for a number of pollinators, particularly bees. This variety bears mats of aromatic foliage from which delicate soft pink to white flowers appear throughout summer. The leaves turn a beautiful bronze before falling in autumn.
Ostrich Fern, Shuttlecock Fern (Matteuccia Struthiopteris)
Medlar (Mespilus Germanica)
Has been cultivated since Roman times as it produces a fruit that can be eaten in the winter months.
Dawn Redwood (Metasequoia)
Related to the giant sequoias that grow in California, this variety is smaller though still grows to at least 200 feet (60 metres). Too small for most domestic gardens it is used in parks and large open spaces.
Crack Willow (Salix fragilis)
Named after the sound the branches make when they fall. The catkins they produce are an early important source of pollen and nectar.
Korean Burnet (Sanguisorba tenuifolia)
Ferny foliage above which arise wiry stems of pink bottlebrush like flowers.